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Beauty with Health

Cosmetic Definitions




Ayurvedic skin care: is derived from medicinal practices that began over 5,000 years ago in India. Ayurvedic medicine and healing practices are based on Indian philosophical, psychological, conventional, and medicinal understandings. Ayurvedic approach to skin care is holistic and considers the mind, body, and spirit together. Ayurvedas practices the belief that there are three basic principles or humors born out of five basic elements that exist in nature. These principles are known as Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. These principles are believed to work together in harmony to make up the entire body.



Base: Also known as foundation, a skin-coloured makeup used to smooth the surface of the skin and even its coloration. Prepares the face for other makeup.  Comes in liquid, cream, powder, cake, and stick forms.

Basecoat: Clear, thick polish applied before nail color to create a smooth and adhesive surface for nail color. Used to prevent staining fingernails and to prolong life of nail colour.

Basic Shade: A neutral or natural colour.

Bath Salt: A bath salt is a pure salt, combination of different types of salts, and/or a salt blended with other ingredients. Added to the water at bath time, bath salts help to relax sore muscles, ease tension, stimulate circulation, eliminate toxins and soothe skin irritation. Dead Sea Salts are known for their ability to assist those who have psoriasis. Bath salts are available unfragranced, but are typically fragranced with either essential oils or synthetic fragrance. Some salts are also colored with liquid or powdered dyes or by use of pigmented mica powder.

Body Oil: A body oil consists of a single vegetable oil or blend of oils and aromatics that both nourish and fragrance the skin. Unscented body oils are also available. Body oils that primarily consist of highly nutritive vegetable oils can be more effective than lotions or creams in nourishing dry skin. Upon application, body oils tend to feel more oily on the skin than does a lotion or cream, but a good body oil consists of vegetable oils that quickly absorb into the skin. Avoid products that contain mineral oil. Mineral oil can clog the pores and keep the skin from breathing.

Body Spray/Mist: A body spray is a personal fragrance product that is usually lighter in aroma than a perfume or cologne. Body sprays can be misted all over the body to cool, refresh and lightly fragrance the body. As with most all fragracing products, avoid the eyes, mucous membranes, genitals and damaged/sensitive/burned skin.

Body Wrap: Body wraps can help induce cellulite elimination and detoxification. Whole body wraps are easy to do yourself if you have the necessary products at your disposal. Body wraps can aid in the healing of skin problems, tone and tighten the skin, improve circulation, alleviate muscle and joint pain, treat acne, detoxify the body and help mobilize fat so it can be eliminated from the body naturally. The effect of the wrap is determined by the ingredients that are used.

Body and Hand Creams /Lotions: Body and Hand Creams/Lotions are products that are intended to moisturize and soften the body and hands. They are often semi-solid emulsions of oil and water. Body and Hand Creams/Lotions contain special ingredients that help to replace the oils contained in the skin or to protect against the loss of moisture from the skin.

Bodywork: Bodywork is a term used to describe any relaxing or therapeutic practice that involves the movement, massage or manipulation of body parts.

Brazilian Waxing: Brazilian waxing, or bikini waxing, is a type of hair removal method that focuses on the bikini area. It is widely used by women.



Chemical Peel: Application of a product to the skin to remove dead or damaged cells of the epidermis, improving skin texture, and decreasing fine lines and wrinkles. The term peel is misleading as the procedure is not intended to remove live tissue, only dead, or damaged cells from the stratum corneum (skin surface). Deeper penetrating procedures with high concentrations of exfoliating chemicals are intended for a dermatologist’s use.

Cleansers: Cleansers are products that are intended to clean the skin by removing dirt, oil, makeup, and dead skin cells. They contain special ingredients that help to unclog pores and to prevent skin conditions such as acne. They may also contain moisturizers to prevent the skin from drying out. Cleansers leave the skin feeling clean and fresh. The safety of Cleansers is established by selection of ingredients that are safe and suitable for this purpose.

Cosmetic product:

The legislature gives the following definition of a cosmetic product (Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009):
“Cosmetic product” means any substance or mixture intended to be placed in contact with the external parts of the human body (epidermis, hair system, nails, lips and external genital organs) or with the teeth and the mucous membranes of the oral cavity with a view exclusively or mainly to cleaning them, perfuming them, changing their appearance, protecting them, keeping them in good condition or correcting body odours.”
This definition includes, for example, face and body care products, sun care products, skin cleansing products, depilatories, deodorants and antiperspirants, shaving products, makeup, perfume, self tanning lotions, hair and scalp care products, hair styling products and dental care.
According to the definition it is a cosmetic product, if this is exclusively or mainly for cosmetic purposes.

Cosmetic Plastic Surgery: Also called aesthetic plastic surgery. One type of plastic surgery performed to repair or reshape otherwise normal structures of the body, primarily to improve the patient’s appearance and self-esteem.

Cologne: Colognes are lighter in aroma than perfumes. They contain more alcohol to dilute the aromatics.

Cream: A term used to describe the consistency of a cosmetic product. Creams are usually found in airless pumps, tubes or jars. A cream usually denotes a thicker consistency.



Day Cream: A day cream, or moisturizer, is a cosmetic product that is designed to protect and hydrate the skin. Many day creams also come with SPF values, anti-aging properties and oil control.

Depilation: Depilation is the process of removing hair from the skin. Notable examples include depilatory creams and shaving.



Esthetician: An esthetician is a professional trained to give beauty treatments like facials, manicures, and pedicures.

Exfoliation: As new skin cells develop they are pushed up through the epidermis layers and the old skin cells are sloughed off. This process occurs naturally in the epidermis every 48 days but as we age it slows down. When this happens use chemical and manual exfoliation to help speed up the process. (see chemical exfoliation and manual exfoliation).



Facial: A facial is a product that is applied to the face to help absorb excess oil and toxins, improve circulation, and remove debris from the poors of the skin. Facials frequently include powdered clays, powdered muds or wet muds. Pureed natural ingredients including cucumber or avocado and milk based ingredients including yogurt are sometimes used in facials intended to sooth and nourish the skin.

Facial Mask: A facial mask contains ingredients, that when combined, lead to a thick, moist and creamy product that is applied to the face. Depending on the ingredients used, the facial is left on the face for anywhere between 15-30 minutes and allowed to dry. Once dry, the facial is then gently rinsed from the surface of the face using warm water. Facial masks can be formulated for oily/acne-prone skin, combination skin, dry skin and aging skin. More gentle and moisturizing ingredients are typically included in those facials intended for sensitive or dry skin. More absorbent and anti-bacterial ingredients are typically included in those facials intended for oily and acne-prone skin types. Ingredients commonly included in facial mask products include cosmetic grade clays and muds, powdered herbs, essential oils, hydrosols, vegetable oils, fresh pured fruits and vegetables including avocados and cucumbers, honey, and dairy based products including fresh yogurt and milk powders. Most masks are typically formulated for application to the face, but masks can also be made and applied to the back, chest or other areas of the body.

Foot Powder and Spray: Foot Powders and Sprays are products applied to the feet to reduce the odor caused by the bacterial breakdown of perspiration. Foot Powders and Sprays work either by using fragrance to cover up malodor or by absorbing perspiration that leads to formation of malodor.






Hair Conditioners: Hair Conditioners are used to make hair smooth and silky. They help by replacing materials, such as natural oils, lost during washing.












Linen Spray: A linen spray is a mist that is sprayed onto bed linens or towels to lightly fragrance them. Sprays formulated for bed linens will often be fragranced using essential oils that either help to induce sleep or that are more sensual and seductive for romantic encounters.

Lip Balm/Lip Gloss: The terms Lip Balm and Lip Gloss are sometimes used interchangeably. Formally, a lip balm is a lip care product that is formulated specifically to sooth, moisturize and nourish chapped/dry lips. It may leave a glossy shine upon the lips and may have a luscious aroma. A Lip Gloss is a lip color product that is formulated specifically to add shine to the lips. It may also include colorants to add shimmer and a bit of color to the lips. A Lip Gloss does offer moisturization to the lips, but its primary role is to make the lips “shine.”

Lotion: A term used to describe the consistency of a cosmetic product. This term usually means the texture of the product will be lighter and more fluid. Lotions are generally used for oily skin products.



Massage Oil: A massage oil serves multiple purposes. Use of a massage oil nourishes the skin and it lubricates the skin so that there is adequate “slip” during your massage session. A fragranced massage oil can be used to induce relaxation or in a sensual massage situation, to emit an exotic, seductive aroma. If a massage oil is fragranced with natural essential oils, the essential oils will contribute their therapeutic and emotional properties to the massage oil.

Manicure is derived from the French usage, meaning “care of the hands”, which in turn originates from the Latin words manus, for “hand”, and cura, for “care”. It is a cosmetic beauty treatment for the fingernails and hands performed at home or in a nail salon. A manicure consists of filing, shaping of the free edge, pushing (with cuticle pusher) and clipping (with cuticle nippers) any nonliving tissue (limited to cuticle and hangnails) from the nail plate, treatments, massage of the hand and the application of polish.
Some manicures can include the painting of pictures or designs on the nails or applying small decals or imitation jewels. Other nail treatments may include the application of artificial nail gels, tips, or acrylics, some of which are referred to as French manicures.

Manual Exfoliation: A term used for the type of exfoliation. Manual exfoliation usually refers to a product used with your hands to exfoliate the skin. The product usually contains beads that help loose the dead skin cells. NOTE: always look for products that describe their beads as round as other types will scratch your face.

Mask: A term used to describe a cosmetic product that covers the face. Masks with kaolin clay are made for oily skin and masks that speak to intense moisturize are made for dry skin.



Natural Skin Care: is the care of the skin using naturally derived ingredients (such as herbs, roots, essential oils and flowers) combined with naturally occurring carrier agents, preservatives, surfactants, humectants and emulsifiers (everything from natural soap to oils to pure water). The classic definition of natural skin care is based on using botanically sourced ingredients currently existing in or formed by nature, without the use of synthetic chemicals, and manufactured in such a way to preserve the integrity of the ingredients.
As a result of this definition, many people who use natural skin care products, generally make their own products at home from naturally occurring ingredients. Many people use natural skin care recipes to make remedies to care for their skin at home. Many spas and skin care salons now focus on using more naturally derived skin care products.

Natural Ingredients: Soap can be produced by mixing water and lye with olive oil castille soap and also coconut oil to produce a natural and mild soap. A shampoo can be produced by mixing water, with a mild surfactant such as decyl glucoside, a plant gum like xanthan gum as a thickener, salt, and emmolients such as coconut oil, vegetable glycerin, honey and essential oils. Natural surfactants include Quillaja saponariaAcacia concinna or Sapindus. Many other herbs have conditioner effects on the hair such as nettles or amla. A body butter can be produced by mixing oils (such as a base of olive and coconut oils) with beeswax. A natural body lotion can be produced by mixing water and lecithin, cocoa or coconut butter, and dry oils such as grapeseed oil or thistle oil, beeswax, plant extracts such as witch hazel, calendula or aloe vera, hydrosols and essential oils. A natural toothpaste can be made by mixing baking soda, glycerin and water as a paste, with some antibacterial (e.g. sage) essential oils. Natural preservatives is cosmetics are a controversial issue; these might include vitamin E (only protects oil shelf-life, not against bacteria or mold), rosemary oil, neem oil, tea tree oil, honey, propolis, salt, vinegar, lemon juice or green tea extracts, or by eliminating the use of water.






Pedicure: is derived from the Latin words pedis, which means “of the foot”, and cura, which means “care”. It is a way to improve the appearance of the feet and the nails. It provides a similar service to a manicure. The word pedicure refers to superficial cosmetic treatment of the feet and toenails. A pedicure can help prevent nail diseases and nail disorders. Pedicures are done for cosmetic, therapeutic and medical purposes. They’re extremely popular throughout the world, primarily among women.
Pedicures are not just limited to nails; usually dead skin cells on the bottom of feet are rubbed off using a rough stone called a pumice stone. Additionally, leg care below the knee became a common and now expected service included in pedicures. Leg care includes depilation via either shaving or waxing followed by granular exfoliation, application of moisturizing creams, and a brief leg massage.

Perfume: The term perfume and cologne are sometimes used interchangeably in common conversation. Typically, a personal fragrance that is labeled as a perfume is much more concentrated than a cologne or eau de toilette product. Fluid perfumes typically contain alcohol, often a distilled alcohol called perfumer’s alcohol. The more concentrated the perfume, the less alcohol that it contains in ratio to the aromatic ingredients. Natural perfumes will only natural aromatics such as essential oils or herbs/botanicals that have been infused into the alcohol. Solid perfumes are often made from oils, butters, waxes and natural or artificial aromatics. If you are sensitive to synthetic fragrances or if the scent of commercial fragrances gives you a headache or poses other health issues for you, natural perfumes may be a positive alternative for you.

Physical hygiene: It means general or overall cleanliness of your entire body, from head to toe.

Primer: A term use to describe a cosmetic product that is used to prep or prime the skin for the next step. Generally, a primer is a thick, silicone based product that is applied to the face prior to foundation. It is said to fill in lines and wrinkles to provide a smooth finish for the foundation.






Room Spray:
 A room spray is a mist that is sprayed throughout a room to fragrance the room with a pleasing aroma and/or to eliminate odors.



Salve/Ointment: A salve, also known as an ointment, is a thick, creamy textured product that contains nutritive and therapeutic ingredients. Salves help to soothe and promote the healing of wounds, abscesses, burns, or other skin irritations.

Scrub: A scrub is an exfoliating product that commonly includes sugar or salt as the natural exfoliant. Scrubs help to polish the skin, remove dead skin cells and debris. See Exfoliant for more information.

Shampoo Bar: A Shampoo Bar resembles a bar of vegetable based soap, but it is formulated especially for hair. One of the many advantages of using Shampoo Bars is that they can be formulated using all natural ingredients including vegetable oils, vegetable butters, essential oils and other nutritives especially beneficial to the hair and scalp. They tend to lather well compared to natural liquid soaps.

Serum: A skin-care product that contains high concentrations of active ingredients and claims superior penetration of the skin’s surface when applied. It used to describe the consistency of a cosmetic product and the percentage of ingredients. Serums generally purport to have higher percentage of skin care ingredients than creams and lotions – they are the extra-strength products.

Spa is associated with water treatment which is also known as balneotherapySpa towns or spa resorts (including hot springs resorts) typically offer various health treatments. The belief in the curative powers of mineral waters goes back to prehistoric times. Such practices have been popular worldwide, but are especially widespread in Europe and Japan. Day spas are also quite popular, and offer various personal care treatments.
A body treatment, spa treatment, or cosmetic treatment is non-medical procedure to help the health of the body. It is often performed at a resort,destination spaday spabeauty salon or school.

Sunscreen: Sunscreen is a product, usually a cream, that’s applied to the skin to protect it from getting sunburned. The amount of protection is governed by its SPF.

Sunblock: A physical block of the sun. Sunblock, as opposed to sunscreen, is a lotion that actually blocks the ultraviolet rays of the sun – these are not absorbed by the skin. It’s more effective than sunscreen.



Toner: An ingredient that freshens, firms, and/or cleanses the skin.








Whitening/Brightening: A term used for a product that lightens the look of hyper pigmentation (which can be freckles, age or brown spots, sun damage). These products will not make your skin white but will attack those darker areas and lighten them.